Welcome to Coolangatta Dental Group
Paediatric Dental Procedures
Below is a list of most common procedures preformed/offered:
- Space Maintainer
A regular dental check-up, also called a "cleaning”, increases the prevention of mouth disease. Your child should have a dental cleaning every six months! A dental cleaning involves removing plaque and tartar, and allows the dentist to determine the presence of cavities or other conditions. The dental cleaning also educates your child on proper brushing techniques.
Crowns on baby teeth are usually stainless steel (allows for durability) and are silver. White crowns are always used on the front teeth. Stainless steel crowns temporarily save a primary tooth until the permanent tooth can be treated. A crowned tooth must be cared for like all other teeth to prevent the crown and the area around it from breaking down and to prevent secondary tooth decay.
Extractions are required when a broken tooth cannot be saved. It is necessary after an extraction to fill the resulting gap in the teeth. Leaving a space open can cause many complications. The teeth around the gap can shift. Therefore, a child with premature primary tooth loss may need a space maintainer. This is especially important at early ages for jaw development, proper speech development, and maintaining proper space in the mouth for permanent teeth to emerge.
When decay is taken out of a tooth, a filling is placed there to give the tooth extra reinforcement. Fillings are a very common process in dental offices. Dr. Grewal only uses white fillings.
Cavities were commonplace in the recent past, but over the past few years tooth decay has been greatly reduced thanks to increased use of fluoride. Fluoride is good for children and for adults. Research shows that fluoride reduces cavities by up to 40% in children and 35% in.
Does Your Child Require Fluoride Supplements?
City water is usually fluoridated and provides a good source of fluoride. You should have your water tested to see if it contains adequate natural fluoride. (Your local Health Department or your bottled water manufacturer can give you additional information.) If your main water source does not contain enough fluoride, your child may need a prescription fluoride supplement.. Supplemental fluoride treatments can be administered as your circumstances require during regular office visits.
Mouth guards fit over the top and bottom teeth and prevent broken and chipped teeth caused by tooth-to-tooth contact. Participants in both contact sports and "non-contact" sports such as running, basketball and gymnastics, benefit from the use of mouth guards.
The comfortable size and secure fit of a custom, lab fabricated mouth protector provides these advantages:
- Clear speech - for better communication with teammates.
- A relatively comfortable fit - no sliding around in the mouth and no gag reflex.
- Easier breathing - for unimpeded athletic performance.
A pulpotomy or pulpectomy is required to save a tooth when the nerve of the tooth becomes infected. During a pulpotomy the infected portion of the nerve is extracted. Medication is inserted in the tooth to encourage healing. However, with a pulpectomy the entire nerve is removed. After Pulp Therapy, the primary tooth becomes brittle and must be crowned to give the tooth reinforcement for natural chewing pressure.
Sealants Can Eliminate Tooth Decay.
The most common place for decay to occur is on the permanent back teeth (molars). The molars have deep crevices on their chewing surfaces. Food and bacteria are easily hidden in these crevices and form cavities that are very challenging to clean.
Sealants are made of white or tooth colored material that is applied to the chewing surfaces of the back teeth, sealing off grooves and crevices. The grooves of the teeth are much smoother after sealing, so the toothbrush works more effectively to keep teeth clean.
When should my Child have Sealants applied?
Sealants are encouraged for children when their permanent first molars emerge (around 6 years of age) and again when the permanent second molars emerge (around 12 years of age). There is no need for anesthetic or invasive measures during sealing, so the procedure is child-friendly. Baby teeth can also require sealants depending on individual tooth structure.
Space maintainers prevent baby teeth from moving into spaces where other baby teeth have fallen out, so the permanent tooth can emerge in its correct place. As the permanent tooth comes out, the space maintainer is removed. Space maintainers can also eliminate or mitigate the need for aggressive orthodontic therapy in the pre-teen and teen years.